In India, there is a rich treasure of woods. Here you will find different kinds of woods which has different properties. after 1950’s, people started making wooden handicrafts. They learn how to carve woods so they can make best wooden handicrafts.
5 Types Of Woods Popular For Indian Furniture
Rosewood, any of several ornamental timbers, products of various tropical trees native to Brazil, Honduras, Jamaica, Africa, and India. The most important commercially are the Honduras rosewood, Dalbergia stevensoni, and the Brazilian rosewood, principally D. nigra, a leguminous tree up to 125 feet (38 metres) called cabiúna, and jacaranda in Brazil. Jacaranda (q.v.) also refers to several species of Machaerium, also of the Fabaceae (or Leguminosae) family, and a source of commercial rosewood.
Rosewood is a deep, ruddy brown to purplish-brown color, richly streaked and grained with black resinous layers. It takes a fine polish but because of its resinous nature is difficult to work. The heartwood attains large dimensions, but squared logs or planks are never seen because before the tree arrives at maturity, the heartwood begins to decay, making it faulty and hollow at the centre.
Once much in demand by cabinetmakers and piano makers, the wood is still used to fashion xylophone bars, but waning supplies restrict its use. Rosewood earlier was exported in quantity from Brazil, Jamaica, and Honduras. Rosewood will provide best wooden handicrafts
It is expensive, not only for the color of the wood, but that it is a rare wood and hard to get, let alone process into useable pieces. It is also an “Old World” tree and therefore, unless you replant seedlings (which they do but it takes many years for the wood to be useable), it’s not sustainable and cash-efficient.
Rosewood is one of the most exploited species of trees around the world, as it is used in making luxurious furniture, musical instruments, as well as producing rosewood oil, bringing its species to the brink of extinction.
You can recognize rosewood by its color first, a dark bricky red that can appear almost purple in its richness, although age and UV damage may have brought it to a blonder color.
The English names include common sal, Indian dammer, and cannonball tree. The sal wood tree has medicinal properties. Hence, it is used in the preparations of various kinds of ayurvedic medicines. The wood is used for construction purposes, including beams, piles, bridging, and rafters, without any issues.
Sal wood is 25% to 30% heavier than teak wood and 45% to 50% harder and more durable than teak. It is resistant to white ants, termites and fungi. It is durable and water resistant.
Sal is believed to be the “House of Tribal Goddess” and is valued as a holy tree. It has religious, medicinal as well as commercial significance and its wood is used in the furniture industry. Sal is generally used to prevent diarrhea and dysentery due to its astringent property.
The Sal tree: It is derived from a tree popularly grown in forests in India and Nepal. It is one of India’s most important sources of hardwood. When freshly cut, it is identified by its light color and coarse grain. However, exposure to sunlight darkens its wood.
Satinwood, (Chloroxylon swietenia), also called Ceylon satinwood or East Indian satinwood, tree of the rue family (Rutaceae), native to Southeast Asia, India, and Sri Lanka (Ceylon). Satinwood is harvested for its hard yellowish brown wood, which has a satiny lustre and is used for fine cabinetwork and farming tools.
Pricing/Availability: Increasingly scarce, with prices very high. Typically only available in veneer form, though some boards (mostly unfigured) are occasionally available. Figured pieces (particularly solid lumber) are likely to be extremely expensive.
Satinwood mainly comes from South East Asia or some part of Australia.
Satinwood or Satin (Semi Gloss): A mid sheen/semi gloss satin finish which is not as reflective as gloss but not as flat as eggshell. Satinwood finishes tend to look more modern and more solid in colour as the finish it is less reflective.
Cedar thrives in damp climates, enabling it to withstand many conditions. Cedar doesn’t shrink, swell, warp, or decay even when there are severe changes in weather, which makes it such an ideal choice for exterior siding. Cedar is sound resistant. Cedar is a porous wood, which gives it the ability to absorb noise.
Examples of softwood trees are cedar, Douglas fir, juniper, pine, redwood, spruce, and yew. Hardwood refers to wood from broad-leaved trees such as oak, ash or beech.
Cedar not long ago was thought of as a wood for furniture and for construction of items outside the home. … It is a soft hardwood, the softest being used for flooring in fact, but cedar flooring is stable and durable and everything you need from hardwood floors.
5. TEAK WOOD
Teak is known for its incredible durability and water resistance. Teak has a high oil content, giving it the highest decay-resistance among all natural wood products. Teak is used for boat building, yachts, exterior construction, indoor and outdoor furniture, veneer, carvings, frames, and more. Teak wood can be use in many parts of the world for wooden handicrafts.
Their growth time is more than 50 years. It is the best quality teak wood that is available today. It has a golden color, elegantly distributed grains, and a high amount of teak natural oils. It is the most durable type of teak wood among all.
Key difference: Oak is considered to be a hardwood, heavy, long-lasting and expensive. Oak is also known for its strength and durability, as well as high resistance to moisture and humidity. Teak wood is another type of hardwood. … In fact, teak is famous for its high oil content, high tensile strength, and tight grain.
Oak has a lighter color than teak which is in a way advantageous because you choose a wide range of colors to stain it. Oak has a straight grain with an uneven texture. You will also notice dark striations across the grain which gives the wood a striking appearance.
Teak is a tropical hardwood with a beautiful golden/honey brown color when it is new. Over time, as natural teak is exposed to the elements, it gradually changes color from the honey color of new teak to a silver-gray patina which distinguishes finely aged, outdoor teak.
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